MODULE OF APPLIED PHYSICS

1. INTRODUCTION

Physical quantities, measurement, scalar and vectorial quantities, measure units, base units, errors.

2. MECHANICS

a) Kinematics: position, displacement, velocity, acceleration, trajectory, linear motion, two-dimensional motion: projectile motion.

b) Dynamics: mass, Newton’s laws, forces (gravitational force, electric force, elastic force, molecular forces, friction).

c) Work, work and kinetic energy, conservative forces, potential energy, mechanical energy conservation. nonconservative forces and energy.

d) Momentum, systems of particles, conservation of momentum, Inelastic and elastic collisions.

e) Fluid statics: pressure, hydrostatic pressure. Pascal’s law. Archimedes’ Principle.

f) Fluid dynamics: flow, continuity equation. Bernoulli’s equation. Laminar flow. Viscosity.

3. THERMODYNAMICS

Thermodynamic system. Heating, cooling, and temperature. Ideal Gases. First law of thermodynamics.

Engines. Second law of thermodynamics.

4. RADIOACTIVE DECAY

Radioactive decay; Alpha decay; Beta decay; Gamma decay. Decay constant. Nuclear fission. Nuclear fusion. Effects of ratiation on living tissues. Measuring radiation dosage: dosimetry.

MODULE OF ELECTROMAGNETISM

1) Electric Charge. Coulomb's Law. Electric Field. Gauss' Law. Electric Potential. Conductors. Capacitance. Capacitors. Dielectrics.Electric dipole.

2) Current. Ohm’s laws. Direct current circuits. Batteries and energy.

3) Magnetic field. Biot Savart law, Ampère's circuital law. Magnetic field of a current, magnetic field of a solenoid.

3) Lorentz force, motion of a charge in a uniform magnetic field, Laplace force, magnetic dipole.

4) Magnetic flux. Faraday-Neumann-Lenz law.

5) Maxwell’s equation. Electromagnetic waves.